List of endemic species

Following is a collection of endemic species that I saw during my travels. The list includes links to a full-sized picture, a link to a list of my pictures for the species, and a link to the Wikipedia entry for the species.

The list is sorted by country name.

Sort by number of endemic species

All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.


Australia (7) Dacelo novaeguineae
Laughing Kookaburra
Dacelo novaeguineae
Dromaius novaehollandiae
Emu
Dromaius novaehollandiae
Eolophus roseicapilla
Galah
Eolophus roseicapilla
Ocyphaps lophotes
Crested Pigeon
Ocyphaps lophotes
Phascolarctos cinereus
Koala
Phascolarctos cinereus
Platycercus elegans
Crimson Rosella
Platycercus elegans
Platycercus eximius
Eastern Rosella
Platycercus eximius

Borneo (12) Elephas maximus borneensis
Borneo Pygmy Elephant
Elephas maximus borneensis
Gonocephalus bornensis
Borneo Forest Dragon
Gonocephalus bornensis
Hylobates funereus
North Bornean Gray Gibbon
Hylobates funereus
Monophyllaea glauca
One-leaf Plant
Monophyllaea glauca
Monophyllaea pendula
One-leaf Plant
Monophyllaea pendula
Nasalis larvatus
Proboscis Monkey
Nasalis larvatus
Nepenthes rajah
Large Pitcher Plant
Nepenthes rajah
Nephelaphyllum aureum
Leaf Litter Orchid
Nephelaphyllum aureum
Pongo pygmaeus morio
Northeast Bornean Orangutan
Pongo pygmaeus morio
Presbytis rubicunda
Maroon Leaf Monkey
Presbytis rubicunda
Rafflesia keithii
Rafflesia keithii
Rafflesia keithii
Sphenomorphus sabanus
Sabah Slender Skink
Sphenomorphus sabanus

Brazil (3) Augastes lumachella
Hooded Visorbearer
Augastes lumachella
Icterus jamacaii
Campo Troupial
Icterus jamacaii
Paroaria dominicana
Red-cowled Cardinal
Paroaria dominicana

Caribbean (14) Agelaius humeralis
Tawny-shouldered Blackbird
Agelaius humeralis
Amazona leucocephala
Cuban Amazon
Amazona leucocephala
Chlorostilbon ricordii
Cuban Emerald
Chlorostilbon ricordii
Coccyzus merlini
Great Lizard Cuckoo
Coccyzus merlini
Contopus caribaeus
Cuban Pewee
Contopus caribaeus
Eulampis jugularis
Purple-throated Carib
Eulampis jugularis
Loxigilla noctis
Lesser Antillean Bullfinch
Loxigilla noctis
Margarops fuscatus
Pearly-eyed Thrasher
Margarops fuscatus
Melanerpes superciliaris
West Indian Woodpecker
Melanerpes superciliaris
Myiarchus sagrae
La Sagra's Flycatcher
Myiarchus sagrae
Orthorhyncus cristatus
Antillean Crested Hummingbird
Orthorhyncus cristatus
Quiscalus niger
Greater Antillean Grackle
Quiscalus niger
Setophaga pityophila
Olive-capped Warbler
Setophaga pityophila
Turdus plumbeus
Red-legged Thrush
Turdus plumbeus

China (2) Ailuropoda melanoleuca
Giant Panda
Ailuropoda melanoleuca
Ailurus fulgens
Lesser Panda
Ailurus fulgens

Congo (1) Omphalocarpum procerum
Navel Fruit
Omphalocarpum procerum

Costa Rica (4) Duellmanohyla rufioculis
Rufous-eyed Brook Frog
Duellmanohyla rufioculis
Megaphobema mesomelas
Costa Rican Red-legged Tarantula
Megaphobema mesomelas
Sibon lamari
Snail Eater Snake
Sibon lamari
Vachellia allenii
Ant Acacia
Vachellia allenii

Cuba (13) Crocodylus rhombifer
Cuban Crocodile
Crocodylus rhombifer
Glaucidium siju
Cuban Pygmy Owl
Glaucidium siju
Icterus melanopsis
Cuban Oriole
Icterus melanopsis
Mellisuga helenae
Bee Hummingbird
Mellisuga helenae
Melopyrrha nigra
Cuban Bullfinch
Melopyrrha nigra
Microcycas calocoma
Palma Corcho
Microcycas calocoma
Myadestes elisabeth
Cuban Solitaire
Myadestes elisabeth
Priotelus temnurus
Cuban Trogon
Priotelus temnurus
Ptiloxena atroviolacea
Cuban Blackbird
Ptiloxena atroviolacea
Teretistris fernandinae
Yellow-headed Warbler
Teretistris fernandinae
Todus multicolor
Cuban Tody
Todus multicolor
Vireo gundlachii
Cuban Vireo
Vireo gundlachii
Xiphidiopicus percussus
Cuban Green Woodpecker
Xiphidiopicus percussus

Ecuador (3) Pitcairnia nigra
Pitcairnia nigra
Pitcairnia nigra
Puya clava-herculis
Hercules' Club Puya
Puya clava-herculis
Wallisia cyanea
Pink Quill
Wallisia cyanea

Ethiopia (14) Bostrychia carunculata
Wattled Ibis
Bostrychia carunculata
Canis simensis
Ethiopian Wolf
Canis simensis
Corvus crassirostris
Thick-billed Raven
Corvus crassirostris
Cyanochen cyanoptera
Blue-winged Goose
Cyanochen cyanoptera
Kniphofia foliosa
Red-hot Poker
Kniphofia foliosa
Lobelia rhynchopetalum
Giant Lobelia
Lobelia rhynchopetalum
Pinarochroa sordida
Moorland Chat
Pinarochroa sordida
Pternistis castaneicollis
Chestnut-naped Francolin
Pternistis castaneicollis
Rosa abyssinica
Ethiopian Rose
Rosa abyssinica
Rougetius rougetii
Rouget's Rail
Rougetius rougetii
Tachyoryctes macrocephalus
Big-headed Mole-rat
Tachyoryctes macrocephalus
Theropithecus gelada
Gelada Baboon
Theropithecus gelada
Tragelaphus buxtoni
Mountain Nyala
Tragelaphus buxtoni
Vanellus melanocephalus
Spot-breasted Lapwing
Vanellus melanocephalus

Galapagos Islands (15) Amblyrhynchus cristatus
Marine Iguana
Amblyrhynchus cristatus
Brachycereus nesioticus
Lava Cactus
Brachycereus nesioticus
Buteo galapagoensis
Galápagos Hawk
Buteo galapagoensis
Butorides sundevalli
Lava Heron
Butorides sundevalli
Chelonoidis porteri
Santa Cruz Giant Tortoise
Chelonoidis porteri
Conolophus subcristatus
Galápagos Land Iguana
Conolophus subcristatus
Geospiza fortis
Medium Ground Finch
Geospiza fortis
Geospiza fuliginosa
Small Ground Finch
Geospiza fuliginosa
Mimus parvulus
Galápagos Mockingbird
Mimus parvulus
Myiarchus magnirostris
Galápagos Flycatcher
Myiarchus magnirostris
Opuntia galapageia
Galápagos Prickly-pear Cactus
Opuntia galapageia
Sesuvium edmonstonei
Galápagos Carpet Weed
Sesuvium edmonstonei
Setophaga petechia aureola
Galápagos Yellow Warbler
Setophaga petechia aureola
Spheniscus mendiculus
Galápagos Penguin
Spheniscus mendiculus
Zalophus wollebaeki
Galápagos Sea Lion
Zalophus wollebaeki

Guyana (1) Drosera kaieteurensis
Kaieteur Sundew
Drosera kaieteurensis

India (1) Boselaphus tragocamelus
Nilgai Antelope
Boselaphus tragocamelus

Indonesia (4) Hylobates lar vestitus
Sumatran Lar Gibbon
Hylobates lar vestitus
Macaca maura
Moor Macaque
Macaca maura
Pongo abelii
Sumatran Orangutan
Pongo abelii
Presbytis thomasi
Thomas's Langur
Presbytis thomasi

Madagascar (40) Alectroenas madagascariensis
Madagascan Blue Pigeon
Alectroenas madagascariensis
Alluaudia procera
Madagascar Ocotillo
Alluaudia procera
Astrochelys radiata
Radiated Tortoise
Astrochelys radiata
Atelornis pittoides
Pitta-like Ground Roller
Atelornis pittoides
Aviceda madagascariensis
Madagascar Cuckoo-hawk
Aviceda madagascariensis
Bismarckia nobilis
Bismarckia Fan Palm
Bismarckia nobilis
Catharanthus roseus
Madagascar Periwinkle
Catharanthus roseus
Chalarodon madagascariensis
Three-eyed Lizard
Chalarodon madagascariensis
Colotis guenei
Madagascar Red-tip
Colotis guenei
Coua cristata
Crested Coua
Coua cristata
Coua gigas
Giant Coua
Coua gigas
Dicrurus forficatus
Crested Drongo
Dicrurus forficatus
Eulemur fulvus
Brown Lemur
Eulemur fulvus
Eulemur rubriventer
Red-bellied Lemur
Eulemur rubriventer
Euphorbia plagiantha
Kalauchoa
Euphorbia plagiantha
Falco newtoni
Madagascar Kestrel
Falco newtoni
Fossa fossana
Malagasy Civet
Fossa fossana
Foudia madagascariensis
Red Fody
Foudia madagascariensis
Galidia elegans
Ring-tailed Vontsira
Galidia elegans
Hapalemur griseus
Eastern Lesser Bamboo Lemur
Hapalemur griseus
Hemicentetes semispinosus
Lowland Streaked Tenrec
Hemicentetes semispinosus
Hypopyra malgassica
Hypopyra malgassica Moth
Hypopyra malgassica
Indri indri
Indri
Indri indri
Kalanchoe beharensis
Elephant's Ear Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe beharensis
Lemur catta
Ring-tailed Lemur
Lemur catta
Lepilemur leucopus
White-footed Sportive Lemur
Lepilemur leucopus
Microcebus murinus
Grey Mouse Lemur
Microcebus murinus
Monticola sharpei
Forest Rock Thrush
Monticola sharpei
Motacilla flaviventris
Madagascan Wagtail
Motacilla flaviventris
Opisthacanthus madagascariensis
Malagasy Black Scorpion
Opisthacanthus madagascariensis
Oplurus cuvieri
Cuvier's Madagascar Swift
Oplurus cuvieri
Pachypodium lamerei
Madagascar Palm
Pachypodium lamerei
Pachypodium rosulatum
Elephant's Foot
Pachypodium rosulatum
Phelsuma madagascariensis
Madagascar Day Gecko
Phelsuma madagascariensis
Phelsuma quadriocellata
Peacock Day Gecko
Phelsuma quadriocellata
Propithecus verreauxi
Verreaux's Sifaka
Propithecus verreauxi
Pteropus rufus
Madagascar Flying Fox
Pteropus rufus
Ravenala madagascariensis
Traveler's Palm
Ravenala madagascariensis
Trachelophorus giraffa
Giraffe Weevil
Trachelophorus giraffa
Varecia variegata variegata
Black-and-white Ruffed Lemur ssp. variegata
Varecia variegata variegata

Mauritius (3) Amphiprion chrysogaster
Mauritian Anemonefish
Amphiprion chrysogaster
Hypsipetes olivaceus
Mauritius Bulbul
Hypsipetes olivaceus
Neptis frobenia
Neptis frobenia
Neptis frobenia

Mexico (15) Aphelocoma ultramarina
Transvolcanic Jay
Aphelocoma ultramarina
Arremon virenticeps
Green-striped Brush Finch
Arremon virenticeps
Atthis heloisa
Bumblebee Hummingbird
Atthis heloisa
Basileuterus belli
Golden-browed Warbler
Basileuterus belli
Cardellina rubra
Red Warbler
Cardellina rubra
Catharus occidentalis
Russet Nightingale Thrush
Catharus occidentalis
Geothlypis speciosa
Black-polled Yellowthroat
Geothlypis speciosa
Leuconotopicus stricklandi
Strickland's Woodpecker
Leuconotopicus stricklandi
Myiarchus nuttingi
Nutting's Flycatcher
Myiarchus nuttingi
Oriturus superciliosus
Striped Sparrow
Oriturus superciliosus
Passerina leclancherii
Orange-breasted Bunting
Passerina leclancherii
Peucaea humeralis
Black-chested Sparrow
Peucaea humeralis
Pheugopedius felix
Happy Wren
Pheugopedius felix
Tyrannus crassirostris
Thick-billed Kingbird
Tyrannus crassirostris
Xenospiza baileyi
Sierra Madre Sparrow
Xenospiza baileyi

Myanmar (1) Argya gularis
White-throated Babbler
Argya gularis

Namibia (9) Aloidendron dichotomum
Quiver Tree
Aloidendron dichotomum
Euphorbia damarana
Damara Milk-bush
Euphorbia damarana
Madoqua kirkii damarensis
Damara Dik-dik
Madoqua kirkii damarensis
Moringa ovalifolia
Phantom Tree
Moringa ovalifolia
Myrmecocichla monticola atmorii
Mountain Wheatear ssp. atmorii
Myrmecocichla monticola atmorii
Pachypodium lealii
Bottle Tree
Pachypodium lealii
Tadorna cana
South African Shelduck
Tadorna cana
Tockus monteiri
Monteiro's Hornbill
Tockus monteiri
Welwitschia mirabilis
Welwitschia
Welwitschia mirabilis

Panama (10) Atlapetes tibialis
Yellow-thighed Brushfinch
Atlapetes tibialis
Basileuterus melanogenys
Black-cheeked Warbler
Basileuterus melanogenys
Catharus gracilirostris
Black-billed Nightingale Thrush
Catharus gracilirostris
Chlorospingus pileatus
Sooty-capped Bush Tanager
Chlorospingus pileatus
Diglossa plumbea
Slaty Flowerpiercer
Diglossa plumbea
Lampornis castaneoventris
White-throated Mountaingem
Lampornis castaneoventris
Margarornis rubiginosus
Ruddy Treerunner
Margarornis rubiginosus
Myioborus torquatus
Collared Whitestart
Myioborus torquatus
Pezopetes capitalis
Large-footed Finch
Pezopetes capitalis
Selasphorus scintilla
Scintillant Hummingbird
Selasphorus scintilla

Papua (18) Astrapia mayeri
Ribbon-tailed Astrapia
Astrapia mayeri
Cacatua ophthalmica
Blue-eyed Cockatoo
Cacatua ophthalmica
Centropus ateralbus
Pied Coucal
Centropus ateralbus
Cracticus mentalis
Black-backed Butcherbird
Cracticus mentalis
Dendrolagus dorianus
Doria's Tree Kangaroo
Dendrolagus dorianus
Lonchura melaena
Buff-bellied Mannikin
Lonchura melaena
Lophorina superba
Greater Superb Bird-of-paradise
Lophorina superba
Lorius hypoinochrous
Purple-bellied Lory
Lorius hypoinochrous
Melidectes belfordi
Belford's Melidectes
Melidectes belfordi
Melipotes fumigatus
Common Smokey Honeyeater
Melipotes fumigatus
Micropsitta pusio
Buff-faced Pygmy Parrot
Micropsitta pusio
Mino kreffti
Long-tailed Myna
Mino kreffti
Paradisaea raggiana
Raggiana Bird-of-paradise
Paradisaea raggiana
Parotia lawesii
Lawes's Parotia
Parotia lawesii
Parotia wahnesi
Wahnes's Parotia
Parotia wahnesi
Philemon cockerelli
New Britain Friarbird
Philemon cockerelli
Scythrops novaehollandiae schoddei
Bismarck Channel-billed Cuckoo
Scythrops novaehollandiae schoddei
Todiramphus tristrami
Melanesian Kingfisher
Todiramphus tristrami

Puerto Rico (1) Todus mexicanus
Puerto Rican Tody
Todus mexicanus

Russia (1) Comephorus dybowskii
Little Baikal Oilfish
Comephorus dybowskii

Sri Lanka (30) Argya affinis
Yellow-billed Babbler
Argya affinis
Argya rufescens
Orange-billed Babbler
Argya rufescens
Batrachostomus moniliger
Sri Lanka Frogmouth
Batrachostomus moniliger
Dicrurus lophorinus
Sri Lanka Drongo
Dicrurus lophorinus
Eumyias sordidus
Dull-blue Flycatcher
Eumyias sordidus
Gallus lafayettii
Sri Lankan Junglefowl
Gallus lafayettii
Gracula ptilogenys
Sri Lanka Hill Myna
Gracula ptilogenys
Herpestes smithii
Ruddy Mongoose
Herpestes smithii
Idea iasonia
Ceylon Tree Nymph
Idea iasonia
Loriculus beryllinus
Sri Lanka Hanging Parrot
Loriculus beryllinus
Lyriocephalus scutatus
Hump Snout Lizard
Lyriocephalus scutatus
Macaca sinica
Toque Macaque
Macaca sinica
Nepenthes distillatoria
Sri Lanka Pitcher Plant
Nepenthes distillatoria
Ocyceros gingalensis
Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill
Ocyceros gingalensis
Otus thilohoffmanni
Serendib Scops Owl
Otus thilohoffmanni
Panthera pardus kotiya
Sri Lankan Leopard
Panthera pardus kotiya
Pavo cristatus singhalensis
Sri Lanka Peafowl
Pavo cristatus singhalensis
Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus
Red-faced Malkoha
Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus
Psittacula calthrapae
Layard's Parakeet
Psittacula calthrapae
Rubigula melanicterus
Black-capped Bulbul
Rubigula melanicterus
Semnopithecus priam
Tufted Gray Langur
Semnopithecus priam
Semnopithecus vetulus
Purple-faced Langur
Semnopithecus vetulus
Shorea stipularis
Shorea
Shorea stipularis
Sturnornis albofrontatus
White-faced Starling
Sturnornis albofrontatus
Tephrodornis affinis
Sri Lanka Woodshrike
Tephrodornis affinis
Treron pompadora
Sri Lanka Green Pigeon
Treron pompadora
Turdus simillimus kinnisii
Kinnis' Blackbird
Turdus simillimus kinnisii
Vanellus malabaricus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing
Vanellus malabaricus
Zoothera imbricata
Sri Lanka Thrush
Zoothera imbricata
Zosterops ceylonensis
Sri Lanka White-eye
Zosterops ceylonensis

Tanzania (3) Dendrosenecio kilimanjari
Kilimanjaro Giant Groundsel
Dendrosenecio kilimanjari
Impatiens kilimanjari
Kilimanjaro Impatiens
Impatiens kilimanjari
Protea kilimandscharica
Kilimanjaro Sugarbush
Protea kilimandscharica

USA (6) Agave utahensis
Utah Agave
Agave utahensis
Alligator mississippiensis
American Alligator
Alligator mississippiensis
Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus
Cactus Wren
Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus
Ephedra viridis
Green Ephedra
Ephedra viridis
Penstemon pseudospectabilis
Desert Penstemon
Penstemon pseudospectabilis
Pinus elliottii densa
South Florida Slash Pine
Pinus elliottii densa

South-western USA/Mexico (34) Aphelocoma woodhouseii
Woodhouse's Scrub-jay
Aphelocoma woodhouseii
Calliandra eriophylla
Fairy Duster
Calliandra eriophylla
Callipepla gambelii
Gambel's Quail
Callipepla gambelii
Carnegiea gigantea
Saguaro
Carnegiea gigantea
Cirsium neomexicanum
New Mexico Thistle
Cirsium neomexicanum
Colaptes chrysoides
Gilded Flicker
Colaptes chrysoides
Crotalus atrox
Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake
Crotalus atrox
Cylindropuntia acanthocarpa
Buckhorn Cholla
Cylindropuntia acanthocarpa
Cylindropuntia bigelovii
Teddybear Cholla
Cylindropuntia bigelovii
Cylindropuntia fulgida
Jumping Cholla
Cylindropuntia fulgida
Dichelostemma capitatum pauciflorum
Few-flowered Bluedicks
Dichelostemma capitatum pauciflorum
Echinocereus engelmannii engelmannii
Engelman's Hedgehog ssp. engelmannii
Echinocereus engelmannii engelmannii
Encelia farinosa
Brittlebush
Encelia farinosa
Eschscholzia californica mexicana
Mexican Poppy
Eschscholzia californica mexicana
Fallugia paradoxa
Apache Plume
Fallugia paradoxa
Ferocactus cylindraceus
California Barrel Cactus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus wislizeni
Fishhook Barrel Cactus
Ferocactus wislizeni
Fouquieria splendens
Ocotillo
Fouquieria splendens
Geococcyx californianus
Greater Roadrunner
Geococcyx californianus
Heloderma suspectum
Gila Monster
Heloderma suspectum
Justicia californica
Chuparosa
Justicia californica
Larrea tridentata
Creosote Bush
Larrea tridentata
Lepus californicus
Black-tailed Jackrabbit
Lepus californicus
Lupinus sparsiflorus
Coulter's Lupine
Lupinus sparsiflorus
Melanerpes uropygialis
Gila Woodpecker
Melanerpes uropygialis
Opuntia engelmannii
Engelman's Prickly-pear Cactus
Opuntia engelmannii
Otospermophilus variegatus
Rock Squirrel
Otospermophilus variegatus
Phacelia distans
Distant Phacelia
Phacelia distans
Rafinesquia neomexicana
Desert Chicory
Rafinesquia neomexicana
Salvia columbariae
Chia
Salvia columbariae
Sauromalus ater
Common Chuckwalla
Sauromalus ater
Sphaeralcea ambigua
Desert Globemallow
Sphaeralcea ambigua
Toxostoma curvirostre
Curve-billed Thrasher
Toxostoma curvirostre
Yucca baccata
Banana Yucca
Yucca baccata

There are 265 endemic species in this list


Endemic Species on guenther-eichhorn.com
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