He was the God of Embalming, Guide and Friend of the Dead in the Afterlife (see Egyptian Mythology). He had yielded the throne of the Underworld to Osiris. He helped and guided the dead on their way to the weighing of the heart by Osiris. He was usually shown as a man, black, with the head of a jackal. The Egyptians would have noticed the jackals around the necropolis, and therefore associated the jackal with the dead. Anubis was shown black, because the embalmed body turned black. He was the protector of embalming and guardian of both the mummy and the tombs. He was thought to be the son of Nephtys and Osiris. Isis raised him, since Seth would have killed the illegitimate son of his wife Nephtys.
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Anubis - The God of Embalming on www.guenther-eichhorn.com