Gondar was the third capital of Ethiopia, after Aksum and Lalibela. It was the capital from 1632 till 1855.
From 1632 till 1755, the Gondar kings ruled Ethiopia.
One reason for establishing a capital at this location was that it was malaria free.
Following is a list of the Gondar kings.
|Name||Lifespan||Reign start||Reign end|
|Susenyos I||1572 – 17 September 1632||1606||17 September 1632|
|Fasilides||1603 – 18 October 1667||1632||18 October 1667|
|Yohannes I||c. 1640 – 19 July 1682||1667||19 July 1682|
|Iyasu I||1654 – 13 October 1706||19 July 1682||13 October 1706|
|Tekle Haymanot I||28 March 1684 – 30 June 1708||27 March 1706||30 June 1708|
|Tewoflos||Died 14 October 1711||1 July 1708||14 October 1711|
|Yostos||Died 1716||14 October 1711||19 February 1716|
|Dawit III||1695 – 18 May 1721||8 February 1716||18 May 1721|
|Bakaffa||Died 19 September||18 May 1721||19 September 1730|
|Iyasu II||21 October 1723 – 27 June 1755||19 September 1730||27 June 1755|
|Iyoas I||c. 1740 – 14 May 1769||27 June 1755||7 May 1769|
Several of the Gondar kings built their own palace in the Fasil Ghebbi (the Royal Enclosure), from which the emperors once reigned. The most famous buildings in the city lie in the Royal Enclosure, which include Fasilides' castle, Iyasu's palace, Dawit's Hall, a banqueting hall, stables, Empress Mentewab's castle, a chancellery, library and three churches. The Fasil Ghebbi is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Fasilides ruled from 1632 till 1667 and built the first palace. Yohannes I (1667 - 1682) built the second palace. The 3rd palace was built by king Iyasu I (1682 - 1706). The 4th palace was built by king Dawit III (1716 - 1721), the 5th palace by king Bakaffa (1721 - 1730), and the 6th one by Iyasu II (1730 - 1755).
All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.
This was the only church that survived the destruction of churches in Gondar by Muslims in 1881. In the back is a cemetery and a religious school. Students live in huts, 4-5 students per hut. On top of the church is a Gondar cross, with real ostrich eggs. The paintings are originals. Good persons are shown with a front face, bad persons with side face.
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Page last updated on Fri May 21 15:15:16 2021 (Mountain Standard Time)
Architecture in Ethiopia on www.guenther-eichhorn.com