|3114 BCE||Maya Long Count calendar starts|
|1800-900 BCE||Early Preclassic Maya|
|1200 BCE|| Olmec civilization develops prominence.|
Cahal Pech is settled.
|900 BCE||Altun Ha is settled|
|900-300 BCE||Middle Preclassic Maya|
|650 BCE||Caracol starts to flourish|
|600 BCE||El Mirador starts to flourish|
|400 BCE||Lamanai starts to flourish. It continued to be occupied through the Spanish conquest and beyond.|
|350 BCE|| Decline of the Olmecs.|
Yaxhá starts to flourish.
|331 BCE||Traditional founding date of Copán|
|300 BCE - 250 CE||Late Preclassic Maya|
|220 BCE||Palenque established|
|100 BCE||Teotihuacán is founded. It is a major center for centuries|
|1 CE||San Agustín started making large burials with statues|
|c. 150 CE||El Mirador is abandoned the first time|
|250 - 600 CE||Early Classic Maya|
|300 CE||Chané started Samaipata|
|378 CE||Teotihuacán conquers Tikal|
|426 CE||Teotihuacán conquers Copán, establishes the royal dynasty of Copán|
|550 CE||Major monuments in Teotihuacán are sacked and burned|
|600 CE||Xunantunich starts to flourish|
|600 - 900 CE|| Late Classic Maya.|
Chichén Itzá rises to prominence.
|600-700 CE||End of Teotihuacán|
|c. 700 CE||El Mirador is settled again|
|750 CE||Xunantunich is abandoned|
|c. 800 CE||Palenque is abandoned.|
|c. 820 CE||Copán is abandoned.|
|c. 900 CE|| End of the Classic Period, collapse of the southern cities.|
Tikal, Yaxhá, Caracol are abandoned.
El Mirador is abandoned the second time.
Northern cities continue to thrive.
San Agustín stopped making statues.
|900 - 1500 CE||Post Classic Maya|
|1000 CE||Altun Ha is abandoned|
|1224 CE||Chichén Itzá is abandoned by the Toltec, taken over by the Itzá|
|1244 CE||Chichén Itzá is abandoned by the Itzá|
|1300 CE||Aztec Empire started|
|1400 CE||Inca Empire started|
|1600 CE||Spanish left Samaipata Rock|
|The Spanish conquest of the Americas ended these civilizations.|
All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.
Page last updated on Sun Dec 12 12:17:12 2021 (Mountain Standard Time)
Timeline of Pre-Columbian Civilizations in Central and South America on guenther-eichhorn.com