There is still a lot of nature left in Sri Lanka. There are many National Parks, I visited 8 reserves or parks on my trip. I had the best wildlife viewing outside of Africa in Sri Lanka. Following are pictures of plants and animals that I saw during my trip.

Pictures of birds in Sri Lanka and other nature pages are separate:

Birds in Sri Lanka
Bird Page for Sri Lanka
Nature Pages
Other Nature Pages

All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.

Sri Lanka Nature

Mountain Forests Center Sri
Mountain forests in the center of Sri Lanka. (620k)
Morning Fog Edge Horton
Morning fog on the edge of Horton Plains. (1037k)
Waterfalls
Waterfalls. (1341k)
Waterfall Rainbow
Waterfall with rainbow. (1094k)
Forest
Forest. (1388k)
Forest
Forest. (1413k)

Sri Lanka Flora

Bright Yellow Mold
Bright yellow mold. (1109k)
Mushroom
Mushroom. (712k)
Mushroom
Mushroom. (497k)
Mushroom
Mushroom. (630k)
Mushroom
Mushroom. (569k)
Mushroom
Mushroom. (829k)
Fern Invasive Species Taking
The fern is an invasive species that is taking over the whole grassland. (1240k)
Morning Glory (Ipomoea sp.)
Morning Glory (Ipomoea sp., german: Prunkwinden, french: Ipomée). (877k)
Flamevine (Pyrostegia venusta)
Flamevine (Pyrostegia venusta, french: Liane aurore). (923k)
Flower
Flower. (614k)
Orchid
Orchid. (575k)
Orchid
Orchid. (613k)
Orchid
Orchid. (541k)
Orchid
Orchid. (766k)
Horsefall Morning Glory (Ipomoea horsfalliae)
Horsefall Morning Glory (Ipomoea horsfalliae). (784k)
Red Trailing Bauhinia (Phanera coccinea)
Red Trailing Bauhinia (Phanera coccinea). (843k)
Rough Osbeckia (Osbeckia aspera)
Rough Osbeckia (Osbeckia aspera). (579k)
Yesterday-today-and-tomorrow (Brunfelsia pauciflora)
Yesterday-today-and-tomorrow (Brunfelsia pauciflora). (1205k)
Yesterday-today-and-tomorrow (Brunfelsia pauciflora)
Yesterday-today-and-tomorrow (Brunfelsia pauciflora). (754k)
Pride of Burma (Amherstia nobilis)
Pride of Burma (Amherstia nobilis, german: Tohabaum, french: Arbre à orchidées). (862k)
Bamboo Orchid (Arundina graminifolia)
Bamboo Orchid (Arundina graminifolia). (589k)
Plant Fruits
Plant with fruits. (742k)
Lily
Lily. (580k)
Water Lilies
Water Lilies. (1044k)
Water Lilies
Water Lilies. (1122k)
Water Lilies
Water Lilies. (658k)
Water Lily
Water Lily. (768k)
Lotus Flower
Lotus flower. (753k)
Tree Rhododendron (Rhododendron arboreum)
Tree Rhododendron (Rhododendron arboreum, french: Burans). (1.6M)
Tree Rhododendron (Rhododendron arboreum)
Tree Rhododendron (Rhododendron arboreum, french: Burans). (995k)
Sri Lanka Pitcher Plant (Nepenthes distillatoria)
Sri Lanka Pitcher Plant (Nepenthes distillatoria, german: Kannenpflanzen). It is endemic to Sri Lanka. (772k)
Rattan
Rattan. (1.6M)
Bamboo
Bamboo. (1.5M)
Huge Tree Fern
Huge tree fern. (1.7M)
Temple Tree (Plumeria rubra)
Temple Tree (Plumeria rubra, german: Rote Frangipani, french: Frangipanier rouge). (670k)
Pink Poui (Tabebuia rosea)
Pink Poui (Tabebuia rosea, french: Tête Comore). (1172k)
Tree
Tree. (1.5M)
Flamboyant Tree (Delonix regia)
Flamboyant Tree (Delonix regia, german: Flammenbaum, french: Flamboyant). (1122k)
Shorea (Shorea stipularis)
Shorea (Shorea stipularis), a tree about 450 years old. The species is endemic to Sci Lanka and is critically endangered. (1021k)
Sea Coconut (Lodoicea maldivica)
Sea Coconut (Lodoicea maldivica, german: Seychellenpalme, french: Cocotier de mer). This tree is originally endemic to the Seychelles. (1217k)
Sea Coconut (Lodoicea maldivica)
Sea Coconut (Lodoicea maldivica, german: Seychellenpalme, french: Cocotier de mer). (1210k)
Banyan Tree (Ficus benghalensis)
Banyan Tree (Ficus benghalensis, german: Banyan-Feige, french: Figuier des banians). (1.6M)
Banyan Tree (Ficus benghalensis)
Banyan Tree (Ficus benghalensis, german: Banyan-Feige, french: Figuier des banians). (1494k)

Sri Lanka Fauna

Giant African Snail (Lissachatina fulica)
Giant African Snail (Lissachatina fulica, german: Große Achatschnecke, french: Escargot géant africain). (561k)
Snail (Ratnadvipia karui)
Snail (Ratnadvipia karui). This species is endemic to Sri Lanka. (703k)
Bee Hives
Bee hives. (1.6M)
Termite Mound
Termite mound. (1.5M)
Termite Nest
Termite nest. (1175k)
Slender-scaped Carpenter Bee (Xylocopa tenuiscapa)
Slender-scaped Carpenter Bee (Xylocopa tenuiscapa). (517k)
Walking Stick (Phasmatidae gen.)
Walking Stick (Phasmatidae gen.). (611k)
Giant Golden Orb Weaver (Nephila pilipes)
Spider web with Giant Golden Orb Weaver (Nephila pilipes). (743k)
Giant Golden Orb Weaver (Nephila pilipes)
Giant Golden Orb Weaver (Nephila pilipes). (509k)
Lantern Bug (Pyrops maculatus)
Lantern Bug (Pyrops maculatus). (829k)
Tiger Beetle (Cicindela lacrymans)
Tiger Beetle (Cicindela lacrymans). (629k)
Grasshopper (Cingalia dubia)
Grasshopper (Cingalia dubia, german: Feldheuschrecken, french: Acrididae). This species is endemic to Sri Lanka. (649k)
Giant Robber Fly (Microstylum sp.)
Giant Robber Fly (Microstylum sp.). (658k)
Giant Robber Fly (Microstylum sp.)
Giant Robber Fly (Microstylum sp.) attacking a grasshopper. (676k)
Coromandel Marsh Dart (Ceriagrion coromandelianum)
Coromandel Marsh Dart (Ceriagrion coromandelianum). (649k)
Ditch Jewel (Brachythemis contaminata)
Ditch Jewel (Brachythemis contaminata). (578k)
Ditch Jewel (Brachythemis contaminata)
Ditch Jewel (Brachythemis contaminata). (512k)
Chalky Percher (Diplacodes trivialis)
Chalky Percher (Diplacodes trivialis). (1372k)
Sri Lanka Sabretail (Megalogomphus ceylonicus)
Sri Lanka Sabretail (Megalogomphus ceylonicus). This species is endemic to Sri Lanka. (553k)
Rufous Marsh Glider (Rhodothemis rufa)
Rufous Marsh Glider (Rhodothemis rufa). (886k)
Wandering Pennant (Macrodiplax cora)
Wandering Pennant (Macrodiplax cora). (514k)
Common Gull (Cepora nerissa)
Common Gull butterflies (Cepora nerissa). (1135k)
Blue Mormon Swallowtail (Papilio polymnestor)
Blue Mormon Swallowtail (Papilio polymnestor, french: Mormon bleu). (681k)
Narrow-banded Bluebottle (Graphium teredon)
Narrow-banded Bluebottle (Graphium teredon). (1049k)
Ceylon Tree Nymph (Idea iasonia)
Dancing Ceylon Tree Nymphs (Idea iasonia). These butterflies are endemic to Sri Lanka. (570k)
Spineplate Millipede (Harpagophoridae gen.)
Spineplate Millipede (Harpagophoridae gen.). (960k)
Brown Leech (Haemadipsa zeylanica)
Brown Leech (Haemadipsa zeylanica, german: Ceylonegel). (619k)
Sri Lankan Walking Catfish (Clarias brachysoma)
Sri Lankan Walking Catfish (Clarias brachysoma). This species is endemic to Sri Lanka. (637k)
Rhino-horned Lizard (Ceratophora stoddartii)
Rhino-horned Lizard (Ceratophora stoddartii, german: Hornagame). This species is endemic to Sri Lanka. (1093k)
Changeable Lizard (Calotes versicolor)
Changeable Lizard (Calotes versicolor, german: Blutsaugeragame, french: Agame versicolore). (781k)
Changeable Lizard (Calotes versicolor)
Changeable Lizard (Calotes versicolor, german: Blutsaugeragame, french: Agame versicolore). (883k)
Hump Snout Lizard (Lyriocephalus scutatus)
Hump Snout Lizard (Lyriocephalus scutatus). It is endemic to Sri Lanka. (629k)
Common Green Forest Lizard (Calotes calotes)
Baby Common Green Forest Lizard (Calotes calotes). (672k)
Common Green Forest Lizard (Calotes calotes)
Common Green Forest Lizard (Calotes calotes). (770k)
Common Green Forest Lizard (Calotes calotes)
Common Green Forest Lizard (Calotes calotes) on a Rhododendron. (743k)
Common Green Forest Lizard (Calotes calotes)
Common Green Forest Lizard (Calotes calotes). It was hiding behind the tree stem, moving around the tree as I moved around. (823k)
Common Green Forest Lizard (Calotes calotes)
Male Common Green Forest Lizard (Calotes calotes). (554k)
Long-nosed Whip Snake (Ahaetulla nasuta)
Long-nosed Whip Snake (Ahaetulla nasuta, german: Nasen-Peitschennatter, french: Serpent liane nasique). (816k)
Indian Star Tortoise (Geochelone elegans)
Indian Star Tortoise (Geochelone elegans, german: Indische Sternschildkröte, french: Tortue étoilée d'Inde). (816k)
Indian Black Turtle (Melanochelys trijuga)
Indian Black Turtle (Melanochelys trijuga). (560k)
Asian Water Monitor (Varanus salvator salvator)
Small Asian Water Monitor (Varanus salvator salvator, german: Bindenwaran, french: Varan malais). (1102k)
Asian Water Monitor (Varanus salvator salvator)
Swimming Asian Water Monitor (Varanus salvator salvator, german: Bindenwaran, french: Varan malais). (1293k)
Asian Water Monitor (Varanus salvator salvator)
Asian Water Monitor (Varanus salvator salvator, german: Bindenwaran, french: Varan malais). (1242k)
Bengal Monitor (Varanus bengalensis)
Bengal Monitor (Varanus bengalensis, german: Bengalenwaran, french: Varan du Bengale). (1226k)
Bengal Monitor (Varanus bengalensis)
Close-up of Bengal Monitor (Varanus bengalensis, german: Bengalenwaran, french: Varan du Bengale). (995k)
Mugger Crocodile (Crocodylus palustris)
Mugger Crocodile (Crocodylus palustris, german: Sumpfkrokodil, french: Crocodile des marais). (1034k)
Indian Palm Squirrel (Funambulus palmarum)
Indian Palm Squirrel (Funambulus palmarum, german: Indisches Palmenhörnchen). (772k)
Grizzled Giant Squirrel (Ratufa macroura)
Grizzled Giant Squirrel (Ratufa macroura, german: Sri-Lanka-Riesenhörnchen, french: Écureuil géant de Ceylan). (558k)
Grizzled Giant Squirrel (Ratufa macroura)
Grizzled Giant Squirrel (Ratufa macroura, german: Sri-Lanka-Riesenhörnchen, french: Écureuil géant de Ceylan) eating a Jackfruit. (602k)
Indian Flying Fox (Pteropus medius)
Tree with resting Indian Flying Foxes (Pteropus medius, german: Indischer Riesenflughund, french: Chauve souris géante d'Inde). (614k)
Indian Flying Fox (Pteropus medius)
Swarm of Indian Flying Foxes (Pteropus medius, german: Indischer Riesenflughund, french: Chauve souris géante d'Inde). (794k)
Indian Flying Fox (Pteropus medius)
Indian Flying Fox (Pteropus medius, german: Indischer Riesenflughund, french: Chauve souris géante d'Inde) in flight. (500k)
Indian Flying Fox (Pteropus medius)
Indian Flying Fox (Pteropus medius, german: Indischer Riesenflughund, french: Chauve souris géante d'Inde). (884k)
Indian Hare (Lepus nigricollis)
Indian Hare or Black-naped Hare (Lepus nigricollis, german: Schwarznacken­hase). (904k)
Ruddy Mongoose (Urva smithii)
Ruddy Mongoose (Urva smithii, german: Indische Rotmanguste, french: Herpestes). It is endemic to Sri Lanka and peninsular India. (1029k)
Ruddy Mongoose (Urva smithii)
Close-up of a Ruddy Mongoose (Urva smithii, german: Indische Rotmanguste, french: Herpestes). (772k)
Stripe-necked Mongoose (Urva vitticolla)
Stripe-necked Mongoose (Urva vitticolla, german: Halsstreifen­manguste, french: Herpestes). (841k)
Toque Macaque (Macaca sinica)
Toque Macaque (Macaca sinica, german: Ceylon-Hutaffe, french: Macaque à toque). It is endemic to Sri Lanka. (910k)
Toque Macaque (Macaca sinica)
Toque Macaques (Macaca sinica, german: Ceylon-Hutaffe, french: Macaque à toque). (1126k)
Purple-faced Langur (Semnopithecus vetulus)
Purple-faced Langur (Semnopithecus vetulus, german: Weißbartlangur, french: Semnopithèque blanchâtre). It is endemic to Sri Lanka. (1032k)
Tufted Gray Langur (Semnopithecus priam)
Group of Tufted Gray Langurs (Semnopithecus priam, german: Südlicher Hanuman-Langur, french: Entelle de Ceylan). They are endemic to southern India and Sri Lanka. (1173k)
Tufted Gray Langur (Semnopithecus priam)
Tufted Gray Langur (Semnopithecus priam, german: Südlicher Hanuman-Langur, french: Entelle de Ceylan). (980k)
Tufted Gray Langur (Semnopithecus priam)
Close-up of Tufted Gray Langur (Semnopithecus priam, german: Südlicher Hanuman-Langur, french: Entelle de Ceylan). (615k)
Tufted Gray Langur (Semnopithecus priam)
Tufted Gray Langur (Semnopithecus priam, german: Südlicher Hanuman-Langur, french: Entelle de Ceylan) with baby. (836k)
Sri Lankan Jackal (Canis aureus naria)
Sri Lankan Jackal (Canis aureus naria, german: Goldschakal, french: Chacal doré). (961k)
Indian Muntjac ssp. malabaricus (Muntiacus muntjak malabaricus)
Indian Muntjac ssp. malabaricus (Muntiacus muntjak malabaricus, german: Indischer Muntjak, french: Cerf aboyeur). (817k)
Chital (Axis axis)
Herd of Chitals (Axis axis, german: Axishirsch, french: Cerf axis). (1.5M)
Chital (Axis axis)
Female Chital (Axis axis, german: Axishirsch, french: Cerf axis). (1260k)
Chital (Axis axis)
Male Chital (Axis axis, german: Axishirsch, french: Cerf axis). (1444k)
Chital (Axis axis)
Close-up of male Chital (Axis axis, german: Axishirsch, french: Cerf axis). (798k)
Sri Lankan Sambar Deer (Rusa unicolor unicolor)
Male Sri Lankan Sambar Deer (Rusa unicolor unicolor, german: Sambar, french: Sambar). (1194k)
Sri Lankan Sambar Deer (Rusa unicolor unicolor)
Male Sri Lankan Sambar Deer (Rusa unicolor unicolor, german: Sambar, french: Sambar). (1224k)
Sri Lankan Boar (Sus scrofa affinis)
Sri Lankan Boar (Sus scrofa affinis, german: Wildschwein, french: Sanglier). (1146k)
Sri Lankan Boar (Sus scrofa affinis)
Sri Lankan Boars (Sus scrofa affinis, german: Wildschwein, french: Sanglier) and Eastern Cattle Egrets (Bubulcus ibis coromandus, german: Kuhreiher, french: Héron garde-bœufs). (1026k)
Sri Lankan Boar (Sus scrofa affinis)
Group of Sri Lankan Boars (Sus scrofa affinis, german: Wildschwein, french: Sanglier). (1047k)
Sri Lankan Boar (Sus scrofa affinis)
Sri Lankan Boar (Sus scrofa affinis, german: Wildschwein, french: Sanglier) and Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis coromandus, german: Kuhreiher, french: Héron garde-bœufs). (653k)
Asian Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)
Wild Asian Water Buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis, german: Wasserbüffel, french: Buffle d'Asie). (859k)
Asian Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)
Wild Asian Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis, german: Wasserbüffel, french: Buffle d'Asie). (874k)
Sri Lankan Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus inornatus)
Sri Lankan Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus inornatus, german: Lippenbär, french: Ours lippu). (762k)
Sri Lankan Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus inornatus)
Sri Lankan Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus inornatus, german: Lippenbär, french: Ours lippu). (748k)
Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya)
Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya, german: Sri-Lanka-Leopard, french: Panthère de Ceylan) an endangered subspecies of leopard, endemic to Sri Lanka. (940k)
Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya)
Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya, german: Sri-Lanka-Leopard, french: Panthère de Ceylan). (1278k)
Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya)
Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya, german: Sri-Lanka-Leopard, french: Panthère de Ceylan). (967k)
Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya)
Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya, german: Sri-Lanka-Leopard, french: Panthère de Ceylan). (926k)
Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya)
Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya, german: Sri-Lanka-Leopard, french: Panthère de Ceylan). (876k)
Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya)
Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya, german: Sri-Lanka-Leopard, french: Panthère de Ceylan). (856k)
Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya)
Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya, german: Sri-Lanka-Leopard, french: Panthère de Ceylan). (843k)
Leopard Track
Leopard track. (1.7M)
Sri Lankan Elephant (Elephas maximus maximus)
Sri Lankan Elephant (Elephas maximus maximus, german: Sri-Lanka-Elefant, french: Éléphant du Sri Lanka). (1166k)
Sri Lankan Elephant (Elephas maximus maximus)
Sri Lankan Elephant (Elephas maximus maximus, german: Sri-Lanka-Elefant, french: Éléphant du Sri Lanka). (697k)
Sri Lankan Elephant (Elephas maximus maximus)
Feeding Sri Lankan Elephant (Elephas maximus maximus, german: Sri-Lanka-Elefant, french: Éléphant du Sri Lanka). (991k)
Sri Lankan Elephant (Elephas maximus maximus)
Close-up of Sri Lankan Elephant (Elephas maximus maximus, german: Sri-Lanka-Elefant, french: Éléphant du Sri Lanka). (1040k)
Sri Lankan Elephant (Elephas maximus maximus)
Close-up of Sri Lankan Elephant (Elephas maximus maximus, german: Sri-Lanka-Elefant, french: Éléphant du Sri Lanka). (1093k)
Spinner Dolphin (Stenella longirostris)
Spinner Dolphins (Stenella longirostris, german: Ostpazifischer Delfin, french: Dauphin à long bec). (1117k)
Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus)
Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus, german: Blauwal, french: Baleine bleue). (927k)
Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus)
Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus, german: Blauwal, french: Baleine bleue). (946k)
Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus)
Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus, german: Blauwal, french: Baleine bleue). (809k)
Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus)
Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus, german: Blauwal, french: Baleine bleue). (946k)
All Boats Race See
All the boats race to see the Blue Whale. Just like the cars on land when a leopard is sighted. (684k)

This page contains 148 pictures with 68 species

Sri Lanka
Main page for ශ්‍රී ලංකා/இலங்கை (Sri Lanka)

Page last updated on Thu Jan 20 19:31:31 2022 (Mountain Standard Time)


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